June 21, 2013

Sentence Correction CAT CMAT

Cetking SC12 guidelines

  1. G Strategy
  2. Key words
  3. Agreements
  4. Common man’s trap
  5. Pronouns
  6. Continuity
  7. Multiple tenses
  8. Idiomatic
  9. Words Usage
  10. Passive
  11. Compatibility
  12. Secondary line

How to prepare

  1. GMAT PDFs
  2. Aristotle SC grail
  3. Cetking SC12 guidelines
  4. Cetking eClass workshops
  5. G Strategy by cetking
  6. No Over attempt! Accuracy  first

Sample questions Sentence Correction

 

Sentence Correction Set 1

A)    Questions 1 to 10: Choose the grammatically correct sentence from among the four options given for each question.

1.

(a) The Axcel Company has greatly enhanced it’s advertising expense.

(b) The Axcel Company has greatly increased its advertising expense.

(c) The Axcel Company has greatly enhanced its advertising expense.

(d) The Axcel Company has greatly increased it’s advertising expense.

 

2.

(a) Today we love, what tomorrow we hate; today we seek, what tomorrow we shun, today we desire, what tomorrow we fear.

(b) Today, we love what tomorrow we hate, today, we seek what tomorrow we shun, today, we desire what tomorrow we fear.

(c) Today we love what tomorrow we hate, today we seek what tomorrow we shun, today we desire what tomorrow we fear.

(d) Today we love what tomorrow we hate; today we seek what tomorrow we shun; today we desire what tomorrow we fear.

 

3.

(a) There’s Mr. Tom, whom they say is the best singer in the country.

(b) There’s Mr. Tom, who they say is the best singer in the country.

(c) There is Mr. Tom, whom they say is the best singer in the country.

(d) There is Mr. Tom who, they say is the best singer in the country.

 

4.

(a) X is not one of those who believe everything they hear.

(b) X is not one of those who believes everything I hear.

(c) X is not one of those who believes everything he hears.

(d) X is not one of those who believes in everything one hears.

 

5.

(a) The Board of Directors will hold its next meeting in May.

(b) The Board of Directors will hold it’s next meeting in May.

(c) The Board of Directors shall hold the next meeting in May.

(d) The Board of Directors shall hold it’s next meeting in May

 

 

6.

(a) The state of his affairs were such as to cause anxiety to his financers.

(b) The state of his affairs was such as to cause anxiety to his financers.

(c) The state of his affairs are such as to cause anxiety to his financers.

(d) The state of his affairs are such as to cause anxiety to his financers.

 

7.

(a) Cannot one do what one likes with one’s own?

(b) Cannot one do that one likes to do with his own?

(c) Cannot one do that one likes with his own?

(d) Cannot one do what he likes with his own?

 

8.

(a) Each of the employees has done well.

(b) Each of the employee has done well.

(c) Each of the employees have done well.

(d) Each of the employee have done well.

 

9.

(a) None of us were comfortable with what was happening.

(b) None of us was comfortable with what was happening.

(c) None among us were comfortable with what was happening.

(d) None amongst us were comfortable with what was happening.

 

10.

(a) Neither the king nor his ministers desires war.

(b) Neither king nor his ministers desires war.

(c) Neither the king nor his ministers desire war.

(d) Neither king nor his ministers desire war.

 

Sentence Correction Set 2

B)     Each of these questions contains a sentence followed by four choices. Select from among these choices the one which most logically completes the idea contained in the given sentence.

 

11. Particularly today, when so many difficult and complex problems face the man, the development of broad

a)  and powerful shoulders is necessary.

b)  plans of action is not possible.

c)  moral values is required.

d)  and powerful thinking is desperately needed.

 

12. In the Asian Community countries there has been talk of an energy tax to raise funds

a)  by burdening the rich who can afford higher taxes.

b)  topenalise heavy users of energy.

c)  by raising the price of energy-intensive implements.

d)  to search for alternative sources of energy.

 

13. “Look before you leap” reflects an attitude expressed in such a saying as

a)  ‘Forewarned is forearmed.’

b)  ‘A stitch in time saves nine.’

c)  ‘No risk no gain.’

d)  ‘Fools rush where the angels fear to tread.’

 

14. This is the ancient kingdom of Bulmeria and you are its venerated ruler. The fate of Bulmeria’ economy and of your royal subjects

a)  is written in their horoscopes.

b)  is as unknown as the name of your kingdom.

c)  is entirely in your hands.

d)  is allocated according to their needs.

 

15. To be radical means to be ready and willing to break with the predominant cultural, political  and social beliefs and values in order to

a)  investigate the essential realities that they conceal.

b)  investigate the root cause of malaise in a society.

c)  shape a new economic order.

d)  re-construct the system in terms of new realities.

 

16. Entrepreneurs are never satisfied with the status quo, they are intent on shaping the future, rather than being shaped by it. As one CEO once said,

a)  “The future is the sum total of actions in the present and past.”

b)  “If you are not alert, before you realize it the future is on you.”

c)  “I do not want our competitors making decisions for us.”

d)  “It is a sound business policy to anticipate change than being swamped by it.”

 

C)    Pick out the most effective word(s) from the given words to fill in the blank to make the sentence meaningfully complete.

 

  1. The paths of glory lead …… to the grave.

(a)   straight

(b)  but

(c)   in

(d)  directly

 

  1. The telephone …… several times before I answered it.

(a)   was ringing

(b)  has rung

(c)   had rung

(d)  would ring

 

  1. He passed the examination in the first class because he ……

(a)   was hard working for it

(b)  worked hardly for it

(c)   had worked hard for it

(d)  was working hard for it

 

  1. Jawaharlal spent his childhood ……AnandBhawan.

(a)   at

(b)  in

(c)   on

(d)  across

 

 

 

 

  1. If negotiations are to prove fruitful, there must not only be sincerity on each side, but there must also

be …… in the sincerity of the other side.

(a)   faith

(b)  belief

(c)   substance

(d)  certainty

 

D)    Fill in the blanks of the following sentences using the most appropriate word or words from among the options given for each.

 

  1. Football evokes a ___ response in UK compared to basketball, that almost ___ the nation.

a)  tepid … boiling

b)  lukewarm … electrifies

c)  turbid … fascinating

d)  apocryphal … genuinely fascinates

  1. Social studies, science matters of health and safety, the very atmosphere of the classroom — these areas are few of the ___ for the ___ of proper emotional reactions.

a)  things … growth

b)  fertile areas … basis

c)  fertile fields … inculcation

d)  important areas … formation

 

  1. When children become more experienced with words as visual symbols, they find that they can gain meaning without making ___ sounds.

a)  aural

b)  audible

c)  vocal

d)  intelligible

 

  1. Learning is more efficient when it is ___. It is less efficient when it is ___.

a)  fast … slow

b)  rapid … turtle-slow

c)  tedious … like a joy ride

d)  fun … drudgery

 

  1. To a greater or lesser degree all the civilized countries of the world are made up of a small class of rulers’ ___ and of a large class of subjects ___.

a)  formed by a small minority … who are uncivilized

b)  powerfully corrupt … pointless crusaders

c)  corrupted by too much power … corrupted by too much passive obedience

d)  who are ruled … who ruled

 

  1. Simple arithmetic tells us that there is more ___ than ___.

a)  imitation … innovation

b)  improvisation … improvement

c)  impracticality … knowledge

d)  improbability … probability

 

E)    In each of the following questions, a part of a sentence has been left blank. Select from among the four options given below each question, the one which would best fill in the blank.

 

  1. An act of justice closes the book on a misdeed; an act of vengeance ___.

a)  is reprehensible

b)  is sordid

c)  reopens the first chapter

d)  writes an epilogue

 

  1. This is about ___ a sociological analysis can penetrate.

a)  as far as

b)  the outer limits that

c)  just how far into the subject

d)  just the relative distance that

 

  1. I am always the first to admit that I have not accomplished everything that I ___ achieve ten years ago.

a)  set out to

b)  went to

c)  thought to

d)  thought of

 

31. This is not the only time that the manager has done some ___.

a)  tough talk

b)  tough talking

c)  firm talk

d)  firm talking

 

  1. In every country the talent is prodigious, and it increases ___.

a)  each year

b)  year by year

c)  annually

d)  progressively

 

  1. The current constitution will see ___ amendments but its basic structure will survive.

a)  much more

b)  many more

c)  too many more

d)  quite a few more

 

  1. Taking risks, breaking the rules, and being a maverick have always been important for firms, but, today, they are ___.

a)  more crucial than ever

b)  more crucial

c)  much more crucial

d)  very crucial

 

  1. Education is central because electronic networks and software-driven technologies are beginning to ___ the economic barriers between nations.

a)  break down

b)  break

c)  crumble

d)  dismantle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS:

 

  1. 1.   (b) “Enhanced’ means to increase or improve the quality or value of something. The correct usage here would be ‘increased’. The contracted form ‘its’ and not ‘it’s’ shows the possessive form of the pronoun.
  2. (d) The sentence is divided into three different clauses hence each should be separated by a semicolon.
  3. (b) We need to use ‘who’ for the subject Mr. Tom. Choice d. is not correct due to the wrong placement of the comma after ‘who’.
  4. The plural pronoun ‘those’ should take a plural verb ‘believe’.
  5. ‘Its’ and not ‘it’s’ is the correct contracted possessive form for ‘it’.’It’s’ means ‘it is’.
  6. The nouns or pronouns used after a preposition are treated as an object so they are not our subject. So our verb is going to get agree with the noun or pronoun used before the preposition. So our subject is “state” which is singular in number so the verb must be “was” so the answer is (b).
  7. If we use ‘one’ as our subject all following pronouns must be according to ‘one’ i.e One (Subjective); One (Objective); One’s (Possessive); Oneself (Emphatic or Reflexive) etc.
  8. We are talking about each individual employee among a group of employees, so the verb should be singular.
  9. None can be used as a singular or a plural number pronoun. In this sentence it is used to represent ‘no one’ so requires a singular number verb. Therefore, the right answer is (b).
  10. Because we are talking about a particular king we should use ‘the king’. Moreover the verb should be consistent with the noun after ‘nor’. The noun is a plural one hence should take a plural verb desire.
  11. (d) Broad and powerful thinking is needed to solve the problems.
  12. (d) The funds are being ‘raised’ for the purpose of having money to spend on the search of alternative sources of energy.
  13. (a) If you look before you leap you will be forewarned and thus can be forearmed.
  14. (c) As the king, the fate of the economy and the subjects would be in the ruler’s hands.
  15. (d) We should be prepared to ‘break’ something to ‘reconstruct’ it.
  16. (b) If the future is upon us before we realize it, it will shape us rather than the other way round.
  17. Option B. Answer is “but”, which we can use to differentiate two opinions and two statements.
    In the question Paths of glory is different from To the grave.
  18. Option C. When two things happened in past first happened thing to be in past perfect second happened thing should be in past tense.
  19. Option C. Here two actions happened in the past i.e 1) Worked hard  2) Passed. But before action 2, action 1 took place. To describe the first action that took place in the past, we use past perfect tense i.e had worked hard’.

 

  1. Option A “in” is used for the bigger place like big cities or name of the countries, where as “at” is used for the  smaller like name of the building etc. E.g. if a guy spent his total childhood in anandbhavan. Jawahalalnehru’s child hood is a long period of time. So we use at. If it was a meeting or a congress of short span of time, then we can use in.Ex:jawaharlal spent an hour in anandbhavan.

 

  1. Option A. Belief implies mental acceptance of something as true, even though absolute certainty may be absent whereas faith implies complete, unquestioning acceptance of something i.e. something not supported by reason. So faith is more appropriate.

 

  1. (b) ‘Lukewarm’ fits in the first blank, and in the second, we need a verb. So ‘electrifies’ is the best suited of all the given choices. ‘boiling’ and ‘fascinating’ cannot grammatically fit the second blank. ‘almost’ and ‘genuinely’ are unlikely to go together.
  2. (d) Social studies, science matters of health and safety and the atmosphere of the classroom, help in formation of proper emotional responses. Hence these can be referred to as the ‘important areas’. ‘things’ is too vague a word to fill the first blank. Emotional reactions cannot be ‘inculcated’. Given ‘basis’ and ‘formation’, the second word is more appropriate to fill in the second blank.
  3. (b) ‘Audible’ sounds as opposed to ‘visual’ symbols, fits here.’ without making intelligible sounds’ does not make sense in the sentence. ‘aural’ and ‘vocal’ are technical words that draw attention away from the crux of the sentence i.e. one need not be heard all the time to gain meaning.
  4. (d) Learning is always more efficient when it is fun and less efficient when it is a drudgery (boring). Learning need not be efficient when it is fast or rapid, this may lead to loss of retention. Never can learning be more efficient when it is tedious.
  5. (c) The rulers get too much power while those who are ruled show passive obedience. (d) makes an incomplete sentence with the second phrase. It is unlikely that a crusade is pointless. (a) does not make sense. (c) shows a proper parallel and logical structure.
  6. (a). (a) has is the only pair of words that fits in without creating any contradictions. When it comes to arithmetic, you can count the number of copy cats (imitation). This inference does not come across in choices (b), (c) and (d).
  7. (c) An act of vengeance relates to the ‘beginning’ of the misdeeds, and thus reopens the first chapter. Look for a suitable complement in sentences split with a semicolon. When there is a semicolon in the sentence, one has to look for a logical complement — ‘closes : reopens’.
  8. (a) The correct idiomatic usage is ‘as far as’ something can go. (b) and (d) sound extremely confusing as they add parameters. (c) sounds needlessly verbose.
  9. (a) One sets out to achieve something. ‘thought of’ is not right as it should be followed by ‘achieving’. ‘thought to’ does not sound as active as the author might wish it to be. ‘went to’ sounds similarly vague.
  10. (b) One does ‘tough talking’. ‘talk tough’ is a general idiomatic expression. ‘has done some’ should be followed by an -ing form of the verb, such as ‘investigating’ or ‘probing’.
  11. (b) ‘Year by year’ is the correct idiomatic usage here. ‘annually’ and ‘progressively’ are not the right words to use as we are just making a general observation, not dealing with statistics. The singular stress on ‘each’ is unwarranted in this sentence.
  12. (b) ‘Amendments’ is a countable noun and so ‘many’ should be used as a quantifier for it. (c) and (d) tamper with the pronouncement in the sentence by using weak quantifiers.
  13. (a) ‘More crucial than ever’ shows that though they were important earlier too, now they are even more important. (a) matches the verbal tense in the sentence ‘more crucial than (they have) ever (been)’.
  14. (a) ‘Break down’ is the correct idiomatic use here. ‘barriers’ are not ‘crumbled’ or ‘dismantled’. We can ‘break’ a record. For an erect barrier, the appropriate verb would be ‘break down’.