June 29, 2013

Parajumbles for CAT and CMAT

51 Must do Para Jumbles Download the pdf version>>

51 must do Verbal Parajumbles are here.. All of them can be solved using Cetking Strategies:

  • Structural Keywords
  • Time based
  • Abbreviations
  • Cause and Effect
  • Pairing
  • Opening closing
  • G Strategy

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Parajumbles form an integral part of Cat verbal section. You are given a para and the logical sequence of a given paragraph is incorrect. The objective is to identify the correct sequence of the given sentences. You need to find sentences which connect with each other – a sentence that “links” or “fits” with another.

 

Well begun is half done…

Sentences that could introduce the paragraph. This sentence introduces an idea for the rest of the paragraph. Find proper opening sentences. Keep in mind the obvious keywords. For eg, a paragraph would rarely start with pronouns-he, she ,they.etc

A. I selected subjects, my size:that my intellect could encompass with ease and precision; and I was primarily interested in the future
B. Why had I engaged myself in this quixotic adventure?
C. Why did I nor write on some world-shaking phenomenon, designing a system that would refashion the universe to my heart’s desire? Pity that I couldn’t convince her that I was no intellectual giant
D. All the time my intellectual daughter looked amusingly on

  1. BCDA
  2. DBAC
  3. ACDB
  4. ABDC
  5. DBCA

Explanation –

A and B are not good options to start the para. D opens the para. So it is the choice between option 2 and option 5. BC seems more appropriate than BA link. Also CA is the link. So option 5

All that ends well…
If you find a sentence which sums up an idea or comes to a conclusion, this is probably a concluding sentence. Although in certain cases the conclusion is stated as the introductory statement. In such cases look for keywords.

Find the connection…
Certain sentences connect each other. They have stated keywords or information that connect them together. Linking these sentences together is very easy.

 

A. A community cannot long survive on hatred alone.
B. The main basis of the creation of Pakistan was the hatred of the Hindus.
C. And on that poison, they have tried to live.
D. I have therefore been driven powerfully, to my central thesis that we shall come together again, precisely because we hate each other too deeply to be parted: a reflex index of the deep fraternity that is embedded in the blood stream of both the communities.

  1. ABCD
  2. DCBA
  3. CDAB
  4. BACD
  5. ADCB

 

Statement A is a general statement. So it opens the paragraph. The ‘hatred’ mentioned in statement B is connected to the ‘position’ in C. Therefore, BC is a mandatory pair. Statement D uses the word ‘therefore’ indicating that it is the conclusion. So option 1

 

Transition of sentences

This will help you link sentences together.

For example:

Besides, although, but, yet, however, also, while, therefore, in addition, for example, fortunately/unfortunately

Parajumble format
You will be given sentences – A, B, C, Dand E. Once you read all sentences, it is up to you to rearrange them in the correct order

The questions below consist of a group of sentences followed by a suggested sequential arrangement. Select the best sequence.

1. Despite the passage of time, a large number of conflicts continue to remain alive, because the wronged political groups, in reality or in imagination, wish to take revenge upon each other, thus creating a vicious circle.
A. At times, managers are called upon to take ruthless decisions in the long-term interests of the organization.
B. People hurt others, at times knowingly, to teach them a lesson and, at other times, because they lack correct understanding of the other person’s stand.
C. The delegation of any power, to any person, is never absolute.
D. Every ruthless decision will be accepted easily if the situation at the moment of committing the act is objectively analyzed, shared openly and discussed rationally.
6. Power is misused; its effects can last only for a while, since employees are bound to confront it someday, more so, the talented ones.
a) BCAD
b) ADBC
c) DABC
d) BADC

2.
1. Management Committee needs to differentiate among those who commit an error once, those who are repetitively errant but can be corrected, and those who are basically wicked.
A. The persons in this category will resort to sweet-talk and make all sorts of promises on being caught, but, at the first opportunity will revert to their bad ways.
B. Managers must take ruthless action against the basically wicked and ensure their separation from the organization at the earliest.
C. The first category needs to be corrected softly and duly counselled; the second category should be dealt with firmly and duly counselled till they realize the danger of persisting with their errant behaviour.
D. It is the last category of whom the managers must be most wary.
6. The punishment must be fair and based on the philosophy of giving all the possible opportunities and help prior to taking ruthless action.
a) ADCB
b) CDAB
c) CADB
d) BDAC
3.
1. It doesn’t take a highly esteemed medical expert to conclude that women handle pain better than men.
A. First the men would give birth, and then take six months to recover.
B. As for labour pains, the human species would become extinct if men had to give birth.
C. They do, however, make life hell for everyone else with their non-stop complaining about how bad they feel.
D. The men in my life, including my husband and my father, would not take a Tylenol for pain even if their lives depends on it.
6. And by the time they finish sharing their excruciating experience with their buddies; all reproduction would come to a halt.
a) ABDC
b) DCBA
c) CDBA
d) BACD

4.
1. A few years ago, hostility towards Japanese-Americans was so strong that I thought they were going to reopen the detention camps here in Kolkata.
A. Today Asians are a success story.
B. I cannot help making a comparison to the anti-Jewish sentiment in Nazi Germany when Jewish people were successful in business.
C. But do people applaud President Clinton for improving foreign trade with Asia?
D. Now, talk about the ‘Arkansas-Asia Connection’ is broadening that hatred to include all Asian- Americans.
6. No, blinded by jealousy, they complain that it is the Asian-Americans who are reaping the wealth.
a) DBAC
b) ABDC
c) DABC
d) ACBD

5.
1. Michellia Jackson, clearly no admirer of long engagements, got married abruptly for the second time in three years.
A. The latest wedding took place in a secret midnight ceremony in Sydney, Australia.
B. It is also the second marriage for the new missus, about whom little is known.
C. The wedding was attended by the groom’s entourage and staff, according to Jackson’s publicist.
D. The bride, 37-year-old Debbie Rowe, who is carrying Jackson’s baby, wore white.
6. All that is known is that she is a nurse for Jackson’s dermatologist.
a) ACDB
b) BDCA
c) DABC
d) CDBA

6.
1. Liza Taylot isn’t just unlucky in love.
A. She, and husband Garry Shaw, will have to pay the tab — $4,32,600 in court costs.
B. The duo claimed that a 1993 story about a property dispute damaged their reputations.
C. Taylor has just filed a defamation suit against the National Enquirer.
D. She is unlucky in law too.
6. Alas, all levels of the California court system disagreed.
a) CDAB
b) DCAB
c) DABC
d) CDBA

7.
1. Hiss was serving as Head of the Endowment on August 3, 1948, when United Chambers reluctantly appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee.
A. Chambers, a portly rumpled man with a melodramatic style, had been a Communist courier but had broken with the party in 1938.
B. When Nixon arranged a meeting of the two men in New York, Chambers repeated his charges and Hiss his denials.
C. Summoned as a witness, Hiss denied that he had ever been a Communist or had known Chambers.
D. He told the Committee that among the members of a secret Communist cell in Washington during the 1930s was Hiss.
6. Then, bizarrely, Hiss asked Chambers to open his mouth.
a) CBAD
b) ADBC
c) ADCB
d) ACDB

8.
1. Since its birth, rock has produced a long string of guitar heroes.
A. It is a list that would begin with Chuck Jones and continue with Sandrix, Kage and Clapton.
B. These are musicians celebrated for their sheer instrumental talent, and their flair for expansive, showy and sometimes self-indulgent solos.
C. It would also include players of more recent vintage, like Van-Halon and Living Color’s Vemon Reid.
D. But with the advent of alternative rock and grunge, guitar heroism became uncool.
6. Guitarists like Peter Buck and Kurt Cobain shy away from exhibitionism.
a) ACBD
b) ABCD
c) BCAD
d) BADC

9.
1. For many scientists, oceans are the cradle of life.
A. But all over the world, chemical products and nuclear waste continue to be dumped into them.
B. Coral reefs, which are known to be the most beautiful places of the submarine world, are fast disappearing.
C. The result is that many species of fish die because of this pollution.
D. Of course man is the root cause behind these problems.
6. Humans have long since ruined the places he visits — continents and oceans alike.
a) ACBD
b) BACD
c) ABDC
d) BCAD

10.
1. Am I one of the people who are worried that Bill Clinton’s second term might be destroyed by the constitutional crisis?
A. On the other hands, ordinary citizens have put the campaign behind them.
B. In other words, what worries me is that Bill Clinton could exhibit a version of what George Bush used to refer to as Big Mo.
C. That is, he might have so much campaign momentum that he may not be able to stop campaigning.
D. Well, it’s true that I’ve been wondering whether a President could be impeached for refusing to stop talking about the bridge we need to build to the 21st century.
6. They now prefer to watch their favourite soaps and ads on TV rather than senators.
a) DBCA
b) ABDC
c) BACD
d) CBDA

11.
1. So how big is the potential market?
A. But they end up spending thousands more each year on hardware overhaul and software upgradation.
B. Analysts say the new machines will appeal primarily to corporate users.
C. An individual buyer can pick up a desktop computer for less than $2,000 in America.
D. For them, the DCs best-drawing card is its promise of much lower maintenance costs.
6. NCs, which automatically load the latest version of whatever software they need could put an end to all that.
a) BCAD
b) DABC
c) BDCA
d) DCAB

12.
1. Historically, stained glass was almost entirely reserved for ecclesiastical spaces.
A. By all counts, he has accomplished that mission with unmistakable style.
B. “It is my mission to bring it kicking and screaming out of that milieu,” says Clarke.
C. The first was the jewel-like windows he designed for a Cistercian Church in Bareily.
D. Two recent projects show his genius in the separate worlds of the sacred and the mundane.
6. The second was a spectacular, huge skylight in a shopping complex in Brazil.
a) CBAD
b) BADC
c) ABDC
d) DBAC
13.
A. Still, Sophiya might need an open heart surgery later in life and now be more prone to respiratory infections.
B. But with the news that his infant daughter Sophiya has a hole in her heart, he appears quite vulnerable.
C. While the condition sounds bad, it is not life threatening, and frequently corrects itself.
D. Sylvester Stallone has made millions and built a thriving career out of looking invincible.
a) DCAB
b) DBAC
c) DBCA
d) DCBA

14.
A. However, the severed head could not grow back if fire could be applied instantly to the amputated part.
B. To get rid of this monstrosity was truly a Merculean task, for as soon as one head was cut off, two new ones replaced it.
C. Mercules accomplished this labour with the aid of an assistant who cauterized the necks as fast as Mercules cut off the heads!
D. One of the twelve labours of Mercules was the killing of hydra, a water monster with nine heads.
a) DCBA
b) ABCD
c) DBAC
d) BDCA

15.
A. That Follywood is a man’s world is certainly true, but it is not the whole truth.
B. Even Renaissance film actress, Jodie Foster, who hosts this compendium of movie history, confesses surprise at this.
C. She says that she had no idea that women were so active in the industry even in those days.
D. During the silent era, for example, female scriptwriters outnumbered males 10 to 1.
a) ADBC
b) ABDC
c) DCAB
d) ABCD

16.
A. Its business decisions are made on the timely and accurate flow of information.
B. It has 1,700 employees in 13 branch and representative offices across the Asia-Pacific region.
C. For employees to maintain a competitive edge in a fast-moving field, they must have quick access to MP Jorgan’s proprietary trade related data.
D. MP Jorgan’s is one of the largest banking institutions in the US and a premier international trading firm.
a) DBAC
b) DCBA
c) CDAB
d) DCAB

17.
A. The SakhiProgramme, run by the US Cross-Cultural Solutions, is offering a three week tour of India that involves a lot more than frenzied sightseeing.
B. Participants interested in women’s issues will learn about arranged marriages, dowry and infanticide.
C. Holiday packages include all sorts of topics, but female infanticide must be the first for tourism.
D. Interspersed with these talks and meetings are visits to cities like New Delhi and Agra, home to the TajMahal.
a) ACBD
b) CDBA
c) ADBC
d) CABD

18.
A. Something magical is happening to our planet.
B. Some are calling it a paradigm shift.
C. Its getting smaller.
D. Others call it N-transformation.
a) ABDC
b) ACDB
c) ABCD
d) ACBD

19
A. From the moment he arrived there its citizens resented him and his Martians and his youth and his talent.
B. Follywood claimed Welles never would make the grade.
C. At announcements that his first two productions had been called off, the town nodded knowingly.
D. He was just a big bag of publicity.
E. When he grew a beard for his first film, a sporty press agent sent him a bearded ham for Christmas; columnists dubbed him with nicknames like “Little Orson Annie.”
a) BDAEC
b) CBEAD
c) EABDC
d) BAECD

20.
A. That’s something OlSirschfeld did so beautifully, especially as his artwork changed during different phases.
B. The more spare it was, I found, the more moved I was.
C. I fight when people ask me to put color in a picture.
D. A line with a hand at the end of it can give you just enough to envision an arm.
E. I love color, but I’m more intrigued by the relationship between black and white and space.
a) CEDBA
b) CEABD
c) ABCDE
d) DCEBA

SOLUTIONS
1. (d) B continues with the idea introduced in 1. A relates the idea to managers in an organization, who have to take ruthless decisions; D states how these decisions can be made easier to accept. C talks about delegation of power, an idea that is continued in 6.
2. (b) C states how the first two categories mentioned in 1 should be dealt with, D talks about the last category; A continues by referring to ‘the persons in this category’. B states how the wicked must be dealt with and leads to 6.
3. (a) Starts with telling how women handle pain better than men. Given example of child birth in A followed by consequences in B, D states that men in authors’ life do not take painkillers, C tells about their complaining.
4. (a) D States the position now, as opposed to a ‘few years ago’ mentioned in 1. B makes a comparison with a similar situation which A continues with. C asks a question that is answered by 6.
5. (a) A talks about where the wedding took place, C states who all attended marriage, D tells us about the bride and B states that little is known about her, a fact that is continued in 6.
6. (b) D states that in addition to being unlucky in love, Liza Taylot is unlucky in law too. C states the reason for that observation, A states the consequences of C and B states what the lawsuit was about.
7. (c) A tells us who Chambers was, D states why he had appeared before the Committee, C states Hiss’ reaction to charges against him. B states that Nixon arranged a meeting between the two, and 6 continues with what happened at the meeting.
8. (a) A gives some names of the guitar heroes, C adds to the list, B states why these musicians were popular and D states why their popularity came down.
9. (a) A states that though oceans are the cradles of life, waste is dumped into them, C talks about the results of the same, B continues with it and D concludes that man has caused these problems.
10. (a) D tries to answer the question raised in 1, B simplifies the statement made in D, C further simplifies it and A talks about the position of ordinary citizens regarding the issue, which is continued in 6.
11. (c) B answers the question raised in 1, D gives a reason for the stand taken by the analysts regarding the new machine, C highlights that a desktop computer can come just for $2,000 in America, and A states a disadvantage of these computers.
12. (b) B states Clarke’s determination to make stained glass more popular, A states his success in the mission, D talks about his two projects and C elaborates on the first project while 6 talks about the second.
13. (c) D introduces Sylvestor Stallone as being a successful man, B states the condition of his daughter as a contrast to his career, C states that the condition might correct itself and A states that in spite of the possible cure, how the girl might suffer.
14. (c) D introduces one of the twelve labours of Mercules, B states the problem involved in the task, A states how the problem could be tackled and C states how Mercules finally accomplished the task.
15. (a) A makes a statement that is proved by an example in D. B shows the reaction of Jodie Foster to the given fact and C continues with it.
16. (a) D introduces MP Jorgan as one of the largest banking institutes, B states some facts to corroborate it, A tells us about how it makes its business decisions and C states the importance of MP Jorgan’s proprietary related data.
17. (a) A states an offer being made by the Sakhiprogramme, C states that it will include all sorts of topics, B further states what the participants will learn, and D states that the tour would also include some sightseeing.
18. (d) A states that something magical is happening to our planet, C states what it is, B states what it is being called by some people and D states what others are calling it.
19. (d) The crucial link to solve this parajumble is the pair (BA). Statement B is clearly the opening sentence as it introduces both the person (Welles) as well as the place (Bollywood). That leaves us with options (a) and (d). Statement A should come after statement B as it begins the narrative “From the moment he arrived there”. Therefore, BAECD is the correct order.
20. (b) Statements (C-E) and (A-B) form mandatory pairs. Statements C and E describe the author’s opinion on the use of colour. Statements A and B talk about OlSirschfeld and his artwork. Statement D should come after statements (A-B) as it gives an example of the ‘spare’ artwork mentioned in B.

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