October 6, 2013

FIJ CAT Facts Inference Judgement

FIJ Facts Inference Judgement

Importance:
CAT 1 question
CMAT 1 question

Directions for Questions: Each question has a set of four sequentially ordered statements. Each statement can be classified as one of the following:
Fact,Inference,Judgements
These question types, that have left a lot of test takers to the end of their tether. A ‘Fact’ is easy to identify. The choice between a ‘Judgement’ and ‘Inference’ is somewhat tricky
Facts(F)
-Facts deal with information that can be verified or is discoverable.
-Could be a universal truth.
-Anything that is seen, heard or read is a fact
-Anyone else’s opinion stated by the author is a fact. Whereas the personal opinion will become a judgement.
-Figures, Statistics or other data without an opinion attached to it is a fact.
-Tends to bring people together in agreement
‘FACTS’ STATEMENTS IN CAT 2006 PAPER:

1)The government has been supplying free drugs since 2004, and 35 000 have benefited up to now- though the size of the affected population is 150 times this number.
2)Only about 13 million children in the age group of 6 to 14 years are out of school.
3)The truth is that we have more red tape- we take eighty- nine days to start a small business, Australians take two.
4)The economies of the industrialized western world derive 20% of their income from the sale of all kinds of arms.
Inference (I)
-These are unknown but the basis of it are known.
-A logical conclusion based on a set of facts.
Judgement (J)
-It is best defined as an opinion. It implies approval or disapproval.
-It changes according to perspective.
Judgments are arguable and contestable. Inferences are rock solid. Although both judgments and inferences are based on facts, in the latter the conclusion is so unquestionable that it becomes fact itself.
‘JUDGMENT’ STATEMENTS IN CAT 2006 PAPER:
1)So much of our day-to-day focus seems to be on getting thins done, trudging our way through the tasks of living- it can feel like a treadmill that gets you nowhere; where is the childlike joy?
2)We are not doing things that make us happy; that which brings us joy; the things that we cannot wait to do because we enjoy them so much.
3)This is the stuff that joyful living is made of- identifying your calling and committing yourself wholeheartedly to it.
4)When this happens, each moment becomes a celebration of you; there is a rush of energy that comes with feeling completely immersed in doing what you love most.
5)Given the poor quality of service in the public service, the HIV/AIDS affected should be switching to private initiatives that supply anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) at a low cost.
6)But how ironic it is that we should face a perennial shortage of drugs when India is one of the world’s largest suppliers of generic drugs to the developing world.
7)The Mid-day Meal scheme has been a significant incentive for the poor to send their little ones to school, thus establishing the vital link between healthy bodies and healthy minds.
8)The goal of universalisation of elementary education has to be a pre-requisite for the evolution and development of our country.
9)We should not be hopelessly addicted to an erroneous belief that corruption in India is caused by the crookedness of Indians.
10)Red tape leads to corruption and distorts people’s character.
11)Inequitable distribution of all kinds of resources is certainly one of the strongest and most sinister sources of conflict.
12)Extensive disarmament is the only insurance for our future; imagine the amount of resources that can be released and redeployed.

1.
1. So much of our day-to-day focus seems to be on getting things done, trudging our way through the tasks of living it can feel like a treadmill that gets you nowhere; where is the childlike joy?
2. We are not doing the things that make us happy; that which brings us joy; the things that we cannot wait to do because we enjoy them so much.
3. This is the stuff that joyful living is made of œ identifying your calling and committing yourself wholeheartedly to it.
4. When this happens, each moment becomes a celebration of you; there is a rush of energy that comes with feeling completely immersed in doing what you love most.
(1) IIIJ (2) IFIJ
(3) JFJJ (4) JJJJ (5) JFII

2.
1. Given the poor quality of service in the public sector, the HIV/AIDS affected should be switching to private initiatives that supply anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) at a low cost.
2. The government has been supplying free drugs since 2004, and 35000 have benefited up to now œ though the size of the affected population is 150 times this number.
3. The recent initiatives of networks and companies like AIDSCare Network, Emcure, Reliance-Cipla-CII, would lead to availability of much-needed drugs to a larger number of affected people.
4. But how ironic it is that we should face a perennial shortage of drugs when India is one of the world‘s largest suppliers of generic drugs to the developing world.
(1) JFIJ (2) JIIJ
(3) IFIJ (4) IFFJ (5) JFII

3.
1. According to all statistical indications, the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan has managed to keep pace with its ambitious goals.
2. The Mid-day Meal Scheme has been a significant incentive for the poor to send their little ones to school, thus establishing the vital link between healthy bodies and healthy minds.
3. Only about 13 million children in the age group of 6 to 14 years are out of school.
4. The goal of universalisation of elementary education has to be a pre-requisite for the evolution and development of our country.
(1) IIFJ (2) JIIJ
(3) IJFJ (4) IJFI (5) JIFI

4.
1. We should not be hopelessly addicted to an erroneous belief that corruption in India is caused by the crookedness of Indians.
2. The truth is that we have more red tape œ we take eighty-nine days to start a small business, Australians take two.
3. Red tape leads to corruption and distorts a people‘s character.
4. Every red tape procedure is a point of contact with an official, and such contacts have the potential to become opportunities for money to change hands.
(1) JFIF (2) JFJJ
(3) JIJF (4) IFJF
(5) JFJI source: test funda

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