Courses of Action Verbal Reasoning

Introduction The term courses of action means a decision which a person takes invariably in his life following a problem or a course of action is a step to be taken for improvement, follow up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. on the basis of the information given in the statement.

In such type of questions a problem is given in the form of statement and is followed by two or more decisions in the form of course action.

TYPE 1
In these questions, a statement is given which is followed by two courses of action numbered I AND II. The candidate is required to understand the statement, analyse the problem it mentions and then decide which course of action logically follow.
Courses of action are a step for administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up in regard to the problem. On the basis of information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the given suggested course of action logically follows for pursuing.

Example 1
Statement; A recent study shows that children below 5 die in the cities of the developing countries mainly from diarrhea and parasitic intestinal worms.

Courses of action
I Government of developing countries should take adequate measures.
II Children below five years in the cities of the developing countries need to be kept under consistent medication.

Answers are follows

(A) If only I follows

(B) If only II follows

(C) If either I or II follows

(D) If neither I nor II follows

( E ) If both I and II follows

Solution

If the government takes the adequate measures to improve the hygienic conditions in the cities, it may definitely reduce impact of the problem. This course of action is feasible. Hence I course of action follows.
Another practical feasible step is constant medication, which would help minimizing the cases of death due to diarrhea and intestinal worms. Thus II course of action also follows.
The answer is (E)

Example 2
Statement Many cases of cholera were reported from a nearby village.
Courses of action I the question to be raised in the legislative assembly.
II A team of doctors should be rushed to the village.

Give your answer as (A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

Solution
I course of action is not the immediate relief to the victims. Thus I is not the right course of action to be chosen for the problem. The immediate medical aid will definitely mitigate the problem to large extent. Thus II course of action is the immediate action to be taken and it is the remedial step. Therefore answer is
(B)

Example 3
Statement People residing in some tribal areas are far from education.
Courses of action I Schools for children and adults should be opened there.
II Social workers should be entrusted with the job of educating them.

Solution
In the tribal areas school should be opened. This is the only permanent step. Education by social workers shall be a temporary remedy. Thus only I course of action follows.

Example 4
Statement Youngsters are often found starring at obscene posters.

Courses of action— I Children should be punished and penalized if they are found doing so.
II Any display of such banners should be banned.

Solution
I action is not a judicious step in dealing such problem. But putting a complete ban can be helpful in solving the problem by way of preventing from such exposures. Hence II course of action follow and our answer is (B).

Type 2

In this type each question is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II, III. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement is true. Then decide which of the three given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing. Then decide which of the alternatives (A), (B) , (C), (D),(E) is correct.

Example 1

Statement— The army has been alerted in the district following floods triggered by incessant rains.

Courses of action— I Relief of flood affected people should be arranged.
II Supply of flood articles should be arranged.
III Adequate medical facilities should be arranged.

(A) Only I follow (B) Only II follows
(C) Only I and III follow (D) None follows (E) All follow

Example 2
Statement – Faced with a serious resource crunch and a depressing overall economic sceneries, Orissa is unlikely to achieve the targeted percent compound annual growth rate during the 8 th plan.

Courses of action—- I The targeted growth should be reduced for the next plan.
II The reasons for the failure should be studied.
III Orissa’s performance should be compared with that of other states.

(A) Only I follow (B) Only I and III follow (C) Only II and III follows
(D) None follows (E) All follow

Example 3
Statement Over 27,000 bonded labors identified and freed are still awaiting rehabilitation.

Courses of action — I More cases of bonded labors identified .
II Till the rehabilitation facilities are available, the bonded labors should not be freed.
III The implementation in the way of speedy and proper rehabilitation of bonded labors should be removed.

(A) Only I follows (B) Only I and III follows (C) Only III follows
(D) Only II and III follows (E) All follow

Example 4

Statement Higher disposal costs encourages those produce waste to look for cheaper ways to get rid of it.
Courses of action I The disposal costs should be made higher.
II The disposal cost should be brought down.
III A committee should be constituted to study the details in
this respect
(A) Only I follows (B) Only II follows (C) Either I are II follows (D) Only II and III follows (E) All follow

Courses of Action Verbal Reasoning

Answers

(A) All the courses of action follow for pursuing the problem as defined in the statement.
(C)Action II and III follow for pursuing the problem as given in the statement. Reasons for failure should be studied and the performance of the affected state should be compared with that of other states.
(C) A feasible and effective course to combat the problem is only the III action plan. It impediments in the way of speedy and proper rehabilitation should be removed.
(A) The feasible and effective action plan is II and III.

Courses of Action Verbal Reasoning

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