December 10, 2013

Statement Assumptions Verbal Reasoning in Maharashtra CET

Topic: Statement Assumptions Verbal Reasoning in Maharashtra CET
Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions are Implicit.
Give answer      (a) If only assumption I is Implicit
(b) If only assumption II is Implicit
(c) If either I or II is Implicit
(d) If neither I nor II is Implicit
(e) If both I and II are implicit


1.   Statement: It is faster to travel by air to Delhi from Bangalore.
I. Bangalore and Delhi are connected by air.
II. There are no other means of transport available to Delhi from Bangalore.
2.   Statement: Bank ‘A’ has announced reduction of half percentage on the interest rate on retail lending with the immediate effect.
I. Other banks may also reduce the retail lending rates to be in competition.
II. Bank ‘A’ may be able to attract more customers for availing retail loans.
3.   Statement: Even with the increase in the sugar factories in India, We still continue to import sugar.
I. The consumption of sugar per capita has increased in India.
II. Many of the factories are not in a position to produce sugar to their fullest capacity.
4.   Statements: Who rises from the prayer a better man, his prayer is answered.
I. Prayer makes a man more humane.
II. Prayer atones all of our misdeeds.
5.   Statements: We must settle all the payment due to our suppliers within three working days.
I. We will always have necessary funds in our account to settle the bills
II. We are capable of verifying and clearing the bills in less than three working days.
6.   Statement: “Use of cell phones and pagers is not allowed inside the auditorium. Please switch off such devices while you are inside the auditorium.” – A notice.
I. All those who have such devices will switch them off before they take their seat in the auditorium.
II. Generally people do not bring such devices when they come to attend functions in the auditorium.
7.   Statement: The government has made an appeal to all the citizens to honestly pay income tax and file returns reflecting the true income level to help the government to carry out developmental activities.
I. People may now start paying more taxes in response to the appeal.
II. The total income tax collection may considerably increase in the near future.
8.   Statements: Railway officials have started ten new trains and increased the frequency of 14 running trains
I. The existing trains are not sufficient to provide accommodation to all passengers.
II. The new and additional trains would have sufficient passengers so that they will be economically viable.
9.   Statements: If you have any problems, bring them to me.
I. You have some problems.
II. I can solve any problem.
10.   Statements: Detergents should be used to clean clothes.
I. Detergents form more lather.
II. Detergents help to dislodge grease and dirt.
Answers with Explanations:
1.   The statement advises to travel by air between the two cities. So, I is implicit. Besides, it talks of air transport being a faster means of travel. This means that other means of transport, slower than air transport, are available. So, II is not Implicit.
2.   Reducing interest rate on loans is surely a step to draw in more customers. But the implications of such a policy on other banks cannot be ascertained, as interest rate is not the only criterion to lure customers. So, only II is Implicit.
3.   Clearly, the need to import sugar could be either due to increase in consumption or the inefficiency of the factories to produce sugar to their fullest capacity. So, either I or II is Implicit.
4.   The fact that only persons who became better by saying prayer are responded to, shows that prayer does not necessary make man humane. So, I is not implicit. Nothing is mentioned as regards the fruitfulness of prayer. So, II is implicit.
5.   Since the statement talks of making all payments within 3 days, it is evident that the company has the necessary funds and the bills can be verified and cleared within the stipulated time. So, both I and II are implicit.
6.   The notice has clearly been put up to make it clear that use of  cell phones and pagers would  create disturbance in the auditorium. So, I is implicit. Further, such notice has been issued keeping in mind that lot of people come with such devices to the auditorium. So, II is not implicit.
7.   Clearly, the appeal has been made to encourage people to contribute to development by paying taxes honestly. So, both I and II are implicit.
8.   Clearly, such decisions are always taken keeping in mind the public requirements and their economic viability for the concerned department. So, both I and II are implicit.
9.   The word ’If’ shows that ‘you’ do not necessarily have problems. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statements states that problems will be solved by ‘me’. So is implicit.
10.   Nothing is mentioned about lather formation by the detergent. So, I is not implicit. Also, detergents should be used as they clean clothes better and more easily. So, II is implicit.

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